Genocide History

The Armenian Genocide (Armenian: Հայոց Ցեղասպանություն Hayots Tseghaspanutyun), also known as the Armenian Holocaust, the Armenian Massacres and, traditionally by Armenians, as Medz Yeghern (Armenian: Մեծ Եղեռն, “Great Crime”) was the Ottoman government’s systematic extermination of its minority Armenian subjects from their historic homeland within the territory constituting the present-day Republic of Turkey. The starting date is conventionally held to be 24 April 1915, the day Ottoman authorities rounded up and arrested some 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople. The genocide was carried out during and after World War I and implemented in two phases: the wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and subjection of army conscripts to forced labour, followed by the deportation of women, children, the elderly and infirm on death marches leading to the Syrian desert. Driven forward by military escorts, the deportees were deprived of food and water and subjected to periodic robbery, rape, and massacre. The total number of people killed as a result has been estimated at between 1 and 1.5 million. Other indigenous and Christian ethnic groups such as the Assyrians and the Ottoman Greeks were similarly targeted for extermination by the Ottoman government, and their treatment is considered by many historians to be part of the same genocidal policy. The majority of Armenian diaspora communities around the world came into being as a direct result of the genocide.

Genocide-Map

Raphael Lemkin was explicitly moved by the Armenian annihilation to coin the word genocide in 1943 and define systematic and premeditated exterminations within legal parameters. The Armenian Genocide is acknowledged to have been one of the first modern genocides,because scholars point to the organized manner in which the killings were carried out in order to eliminate the Armenians, and it is the second most-studied case of genocide after the Holocaust.

Turkey, the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, denies the word genocide is an accurate term for the mass killings of Armenians that began under Ottoman rule in 1915. It has in recent years been faced with repeated calls to recognize them as genocide. To date, 23 countries have officially recognized the mass killings as genocide, a view which is shared by most genocide scholars and historians.

 

Genocide Recognition:


ArmenianGenocideRecognition

Armenian Daispora- “Armenian Spyurk” has played a vital role in the processes of Genocide recognition by International community. There are two chief lobbying organisations the ANCA (Armenian National Committee of America) and the famous AAA (Armenian Assembly of America).Their main pursuit in the lobbying strategy is to pressure the US Congress and the President to officially recognise annihilations committed by “Young Turks” in 1915 as a genocide. Although their lobbying has been successful around the governments of France, Russian, Grait Britain, the UN, Argentina, Canada and other countries, their main pursuit is pressuring Turkey to recognise their committed crime and take responsibility in forms of reparations.

In terms of Armenian Genocide recognition in international community it is more than vital that Israel too, officially accepts and recognizes it. Ironically, Armenians and Jews have shared the same piece of fate: Armenians-genocide, Jews-Holocaust. In nowadays geopolitical events and strained relationship between Israel and Turkey, recognition of Armenian genocide is seen as a play card by Israeli government for pressuring Turkey. In 2011, the Knesset held its first open dialogue concerning the issue of recognition. By undisputed votes 20-2, Kensett approved and referred the topic to Education Committee of Israel for broader negotiations. The Speaker of Israeli Parliament announced that he aims to present an annual governmental session to mark “Mets Yeghern”. IN 2012, there was another session held concerning the recognition of Armenian Genocide, but it was then terminated inconclusively.

1. Uruguay, 1965
2. Cyprus, 1982
3. UN Human Rights Committee, 1985
4. European Parliament, 1987
5. Russia, 1995
6. Greece, 1996
7. International Association of Genocide scholars, 1997
8. Lebanon, 1997
9. Belgium, 1998
10. Italy, 2000
11. Vatican City, 2000
12. France, 2001
13. International Center for Transitional Justice, 2002
14. Switzerland, 2003
15. Argentina, 2003
16. Canada, 2004
17. Slovakia, 2004
18. Netherlands, 2004
19. Poland, 2005
20. Venezuela, 2005
21. Germany, 2005
22. Lithuania, 2005
23. Chile, 2007
24. Swedish Riksdag, 2010